Proust, Marcel


Proust, Marcel
(1871-1922)
   writer
   Marcel Proust, the creator of the multivolume À la recherche du temps perdu (In Search of Lost Time, also known as Remembrance of Things Past; 1913-22), the novel regarded as one of the finest achievements in world literature, was born in Paris to a wealthy bourgeois family. Early in life, he manifested extreme intellectual curiosity and, after initially studying law, gave up that pursuit and, mingling in Parisian society, began to write. His first work, Les Plaisirs et les Jours (1896, preface by anatole france) was not so notable, but he would use his experiences gathered in salons for this piece to greater effect in later works. At age 35, after a sojourn in Venice, Proust, who suffered from asthma since youth, became a chronic invalid and remained almost exclusively in his cork-lined room working on his masterpiece, and he died before the final three volumes were published. Written in the first person as an interior monologue, it is in many respects autobiographical and is tied to his homosexuality. In the evolution of French literary genres, the place of Proust's work is fundamental. The importance of his work lies not so much in his descriptions of changing French society as in the psychological development of characters, and in his philosophical preoccupation with time. As Proust traces the path of his hero from happy childhood through romantic attachment to self-awareness as a writer, he is also concerned with seeking eternal truths in a changing world. He writes of time as both a destructive force and as a positive element. In this, he was influenced by Henri bergson, whom he admired and through whose theories he perceived the sequence and passage of time (World War I, too, had a profound effect on his writing). À la recherche du temps perdu was translated into many languages and established Proust's reputation worldwide, while his techniques and methods of writing (with minute analysis of his characters' development) have greatly influenced 20th-century literary style. other posthumously published works of Proust include Chroniques (1927), Jean Santeuil (1952), Contre Sainte-Beuve (1954), and his Correspondance (20 volumes, 1970-93). He was awarded the prix Goncourt in 1919.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • PROUST, MARCEL — (1871–1922), French novelist. Proust was born in Paris to Adrien Proust, a successful non Jewish physician, and Jeanne (née Weil), a member of an old Alsatian Jewish family. Through his mother, Proust was related to the eminent statesman and to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Proust,Marcel — Proust (pro͞ost), Marcel. 1871 1922. French writer whose seven part novel Remembrance of Things Past (1913 1927) is among the great works of modern literature.   Proustʹi·an adj. * * * …   Universalium

  • Proust, Marcel — born July 10, 1871, Auteuil, near Paris, France died Nov. 18, 1922, Paris French novelist. Born to a wealthy family, he studied law and literature. His social connections allowed him to become an observant habitué of the most exclusive drawing… …   Universalium

  • Proust, Marcel — ► (1871 1922) Novelista francés. En 1896 publicó Los placeres y los días. Entre 1905 y 1910 comenzó la composición de su gran obra: En busca del tiempo perdido. Bajo este título se agrupan varios libros que fueron apareciendo en fechas diversas:… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Proust, Marcel — (1871 1922)    French novelist. He was born in Paris. Although he was raised as a Catholic, he retained Jewish sympathies. His A la recherche du temps perdu contains three Jewish characters: the actress Rachel, the intellectual Albert Bloch and… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Proust, Marcel — (1871 1922)    refer to the entries on art , faciality , multiplicity , semiotics and thought …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Proust, Marcel — (1871 1922)    refer to the entries on art , faciality , multiplicity , semiotics and thought …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Proust — Marcel Proust « Proust » redirige ici. Pour les autres significations, voir Proust (homonymie). Marcel Proust …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marcel Proust — Marcel Proust, um 1900 Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust [pru:st], (* 10. Juli 1871 in Auteuil; † 18. November 1922 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller und Kritiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Proust — Marcel Proust, um 1900 Valentin Louis Georges Eugène Marcel Proust [pru:st], (* 10. Juli 1871 in Auteuil; † 18. November 1922 in Paris) war ein französischer Schriftsteller und Kritiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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